Looking at a jewel from a distance you might not be able to tell if it’s genuine or an imitation. When purchasing jewelry, the thought that it might be fake tends to be at the back of our minds. If you’re not familiar with these accessories, you can be made to think that all stones are alike. But after learning how to tell the difference between a real or fake jewel, you’ll find that it’s easy to distinguish them. Buying a jewel is an art, and as they say, if you don’t know your stones, know your seller. Meaning you should always buy from a store that has good reviews and a lot of people can vouch for it. That being said, these tips will help you to quickly determine if your jewel is real or fake.
Look for Marks
Before anything else, you need to closely examine the jewelry and check for suspicious marks, shapes, discolorations, and dents around the edges. Additionally, check if the manufacturer put stamps in the clasps of bracelets, rings, and necklaces about its purity. The stamp shows the carat of gold. For instance, you’re likely to see 18K gold, 24K gold, or platinum PT 950.
Water test is effective for diamonds and can be carried out anywhere. Take a glass of water halfway full then carefully drop the jewel inside. If the stone doesn’t sink quickly, then you automatically have a fake piece on your hands. Jewel made of pure diamond has a higher density, thus it should sink if dropped in a glass of water. In fact, this is a good test to show if the jewel matches the quality it claims to hold. However, if the jewel is very heavy it can sink even though it’s not genuine.
When looking to buy gold, a magnet test will help you tell its authenticity. Usually, real gold should not stick to the magnet. If it your piece of jewelry leaps to the magnet, it’s a fake or not pure gold.
Hold your jewel between your fingers and blow hot air on the stones. A light fog should form around the jewel because of moisture and heat in your breath. This fog should last a few seconds before dissipating. If the jewel doesn’t retain the fog for a while, chances are the jewel is fake. Out of all the tests, the fog test is the quickest way to test for a real jewel.
The Transparency Test
The transparency test requires a newspaper and your jewel. Place the jewel on a section of text in the newspaper and see if you can read the words through the jewel. For real gems, they refract light so intensely that you can’t see through them while fake jewels are transparent. Clean your jewel first before carrying out the test.
Place your diamond under a UV light and observe if it omits some blue light. Real jewel reveals blue fluorescence under black light. Fake jewel can never look blue under a black or UV light, but they might display a slightly green, yellow, or gray color. However, this test isn’t conclusive since only one-third of the real gem produces a blue color. You should combine this test with other tests to get a more definitive answer.
Most people might not be aware of this but most jewels can resist heat. Putting your jewel through extreme temperature change can help you to distinguish a real jewel from an imitation. Lit the jewel up for 30 seconds then drop it in cold water. If it remains unharmed, then the piece is real while for fake jewel they will shatter to pieces. This happens because fake materials are not able to withstand the rate at which they expand or contract. Unlike real jewel which is formed under intense heat and pressure.
Here we need a loupe, a small magnification device that helps bring the details of the gem up close. Most jewelers prefer a loupe instead of a magnifying glass because loupe tends to be more conical. Loupe gives the class and clarity of a gem and you can acquire one from online stores like Amazon. When inspecting your jewel using a loupe, look for inclusions, these are tiny, natural imperfections that show that the jewel is authentic. Additionally, look for small flecks of minerals or slight color changes. If you spot slight color changes and flecks then the diamond is real. However, in rare cases, you can find a genuine jewel with no flaws, especially if it was created in the lab where there is a controlled environment. It’s important to try several methods before concluding that your jewel is fake or real. The above tests should be able to tell the status of your gem.
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